The Ottoman, Russian, and Persian empires were among the largest in the region. Tigran the Great (95-55 BC), on of the Armenian kings of the Armenian Empire, conquered Cappadocia and extended his rule to Phoenicia on the Mediterranean coast. There have been many other empires of greater or lesser importance in the region, and countless ethnic and cultural minorities.
The truth is that this is a region full of complexities, diversity, and an intricate history, difficult to summarize.
The people inhabiting different regions of the Middle East during many periods in history coexisted in a harmonious and peaceful way, aware and accepting of their differences, growing together as civilizations through healthy economic, cultural exchange, and fluid communication. But many times, certain imbalances have caused huge differences between the people in the region; or, rather, among the rulers, who, blinded by power and ambition, unleashed war upon their own people, carrying misery instead of prosperity and welfare to millions and leading to many horrifying massacres.
One of the excuses the ruling class often uses to start large armed conflicts is religious beliefs professed by different people. Religions are based on ancient books “of wisdom”. It is hard to proof the authenticity of these books and it is worth noting that religions are merely human interpretations of what we can not explain, used for political purposes. There is an implicit fallacy in this division that men have created in the name of faith. Often, religions are used as pretexts for justifying hatred and segregation, when in fact, the true message of most religions or prophets is much nobler and the significant mandate is only one: love. Although all predominant religions in the world claim to have a monopoly on “the true” form of love, that can be achieved through their respective gods and blind faith in the “true god”.